Homewood is located in the easternmost part of Pittsburgh, bordered on the east by East Hills, on the west by Larimer and Shadyside, on the North by Lincoln-Lemington Belmar, and on the south by Point Breeze. Homewood is officially divided into three neighborhoods: Homewood North, Homewood South and Homewood West.
Homewood began as a train station of the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1852. As one of the suburban stations of Pittsburgh, it experienced growth and opportunity as wealthy Pittsburgh industrialists and their domestic workers relocated to the area. In the early 1900s, the area was considered quite desirable. In the 1950s, the City claimed much of the land of the Lower Hill District in order to build the Civic Arena. This event set off the displacement of 8,000 residents, many of whom chose to live in Homewood. The influx of less affluent African-Americans, often in rental apartments, strained racial tensions; a panicked, white middle class left Homewood quickly. In the 1950s, a population shift from a minority (22%, in 1950) of African-Americans to majority (66%, in 1960) occurred. The Civil Rights Act of 1968 also produced the Fair Housing Act and an opportunity for more affluent African-Americans to leave the area.
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